Whiplash is an injury that can affect the spine and surrounding muscles and is caused by an abrupt jerking back and forward, or sideways motion.
You usually will have tenderness in your neck, head and upper back. It may take up to two weeks after your accident before serious tension and stiffness set in, which can cause alot of pain.
Whiplash is an injury to the spine and surrounding muscles caused by the abrupt jerking motion – backward, forward, or sideways – that happens as a result of the sudden impact experienced during a car accident. The muscles and spine are ‘caught off guard’ and thus unprepared for the sudden involuntary acceleration and this results in partial tearing of the the muscle tissue.
Massage is the most effective treatment for breaking up and realigning scar tissue and increasing mobility associated with Whiplash. The massage therapist uses a method called cross-fiber friction that works counter to the direction of the muscle to loosen adhesions and decrease scar tissue buildup. In addition, the therapist may use other techniques such as neuromuscular, myofascial release and stretches in areas adjoining the primary area of injury to reduce muscle tension and restore full range of motion.
Understanding The Effects of Whiplash
The effects of whiplash range from mild to severe, can change over time, and may include any or all of the following:
• Tissue damage at the sites of injury, from local overstretching or micro-tearing of fascia, muscle, or nerve tissues, typically in the neck, shoulders, and back. Harmonic forces in the body, bracing reactions, and fascial connections can cause tissue injury and inflammation in unexpected, nonlocal areas anywhere in the body, such as the rib cage, limbs, or pelvis.
• Instability or weakness from tissue damage, and from dissociation of the muscle spindle/Golgi postural reflex relationships in the injured muscles, resulting from overstretching.
• Restricted motion as a result of either acute muscle spasticity and splinting reflexes, or from chronically adhered and shortened connective tissues, including the tissues around articulations.
• Pain, anywhere in the body. Causes include direct tissue injury, neurologically referred pain, or autonomically associated pain (e.g., posttraumatic headaches).